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Posts Tagged ‘GAO’

Water Infrastructure: Information on Selected Midsize and Large Cities with Declining Populations

Thursday, October 20th, 2016
Figure 1: Location of U.S. Cities with 2010 Populations of 50,000 and Greater That Experienced a Decline in Population from 1980 to 2010

Many midsize and large cities throughout the United States, including the Midwest and Northeast, have lost a substantial percentage of their population. These cities face the challenge of a corresponding decline in utility revenues from a loss of ratepayers, which makes it difficult to address their water infrastructure needs. Overall, water and wastewater utilities across the United States face substantial costs to maintain, upgrade, or replace aging and deteriorating infrastructure—approximately $655 billion for water and wastewater utilities over the next 20 years according to EPA’s most recent estimates.

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Transportation for Older Adults

Wednesday, December 31st, 2014
Table 1: Older Americans Act Title III Part B Transportation Spending and Rides 2010 through 2012 (Spending and Rides in Millions)

State and local transportation agencies and aging organizations in the four states GAO visited used a variety of mechanisms to coordinate transportation services for older adults. For example, many state and local activities are currently focused on mobility management approaches—such as travel training programs—to help older adults identify and access the various transportation resources available. Some organizations GAO interviewed have also implemented more extensive approaches to coordination that are intended to help older adults access transportation services, such as offering a wide range of volunteer transportation.

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Freshwater: Supply Concerns Continue, and Uncertainties Complicate Planning

Thursday, May 29th, 2014
Extent of State Shortages Likely over the Next Decade under Average Water Conditions, 2013

The nation’s water bodies have long supplied Americans with abundant freshwater, but recent events, such as the ongoing California drought, have focused attention on competing demands for this limited resource. In the United States, the states are primarily responsible for managing freshwater resources, and many federal agencies influence states’ management decisions. In 2003, GAO issued a report providing an overview of trends in freshwater availability and use, as well as states’ views on ways the federal government could assist states to help meet future water management challenges.

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Extreme Weather Events: Increasing the Nation’s Resilience

Tuesday, February 18th, 2014
Figure 1: Louisiana State Highway 1 Leading to Port Fourchon (Source: NOAA)

According to the United States Global Change Research Program, the costs and impacts of weather disasters resulting from floods, drought, and other events are expected to increase in significance as previously “rare” events become more common and intense. These impacts pose financial risks to the federal government. While it is not possible to link any individual weather event to climate change, these events provide insight into the potential climate-related vulnerabilities the United States faces.

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Gas Pipeline Safety

Wednesday, July 10th, 2013
Gas Pipeline Safety

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Background The United States has a network of about 300,000 miles of gas transmission pipelines that are owned and operated by approximately 900 operators. These pipelines, which are primarily interstate, typically move gas products over long distances from sources to communities, and tend to operate at the highest pressures and […]

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FAA Oversight of Procedures and Technologies to Prevent and Mitigate the Effects of Dense, Continuous Smoke in the Cockpit

Monday, June 17th, 2013
FAA Oversight of Procedures and Technologies to Prevent and Mitigate the Effects of Dense, Continuous Smoke in the Cockpit

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE The FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 directed the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on the effectiveness of the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) oversight of the use of new technologies to prevent or mitigate the effects of dense, continuous smoke in the cockpit of […]

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NextGen Air Transportation System

Monday, April 15th, 2013

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is pursuing key operational improvements to implement the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) in the “midterm,” which is 2013 through 2018. These improvements focus on establishing Performance Based Navigation (PBN) procedures at key airports, but benefits could be limited in the midterm. PBN uses satellite-based guidance to improve air-traffic control routes (known as “procedures”). These procedures can deliver benefits to airlines, such as fuel savings and increased efficiency, particularly in congested airspace.

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Effectively Deploying Broadband Conduit through Federal Highway Projects

Thursday, June 28th, 2012

Affordable access to broadband telecommunications is increasingly viewed as vital to the country’s economic growth as well as for improving state and local systems for traffic management, public safety, and educational goals. According to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), the largest cost element for deploying broadband via fiber optic cable is the cost of placement, such as burying the fiber in the ground, rather than the cost of the fiber itself.

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Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations

Thursday, June 21st, 2012

Eighty federal programs are authorized to fund transportation services for the transportation disadvantaged, but transportation is not the primary mission of most of the programs GAO identified. Of these, the Department of Transportation administers 7 programs that support public transportation.

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Highway Infrastructure: Federal-State Partnership Produces Benefits and Poses Oversight Risks

Monday, June 4th, 2012

Over the years, the federal-aid highway program has expanded to encompass broader goals, more responsibilities, and a variety of approaches. As the program grew more complex, the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) oversight role also expanded, while its resources have not kept pace. As GAO has reported, this growth occurred without a well-defined overall vision of evident national interests and the federal role in achieving them.

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