US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
Access to clean, affordable, secure, and reliable energy has been a cornerstone of America’s economic growth. The Nation’s systems that produce, store, transmit, and use energy are falling short of U.S. needs. Maintaining energy security, bolstering U.S. competitiveness, and mitigating the environmental impacts of energy are long-standing challenges.
Governments, consumers, and the private sector have worked for decades to address these challenges, yet they remain among the Nation’s most pressing issues. President Obama has articulated broad national energy goals for reducing U.S. dependence on oil, reducing pollution, and investing in research and development (R&D) for clean-energy technologies in the United States to create jobs. These include:
- Reducing oil imports by one-third by 2025.
- Supporting the deployment of 1 million electric vehicles on the road by 2015.
- Making non-residential buildings 20% more energy efficient by 2020.
- Deriving 80% of America’s electricity from clean-energy sources by 2035.
- Reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 17% by 2020 and 83% by 2050, from a 2005 baseline.
In response to the Report to the President on Accelerating the Pace of Change in Energy Technologies Through an Integrated Federal Energy Policy by the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, the Department of Energy (DOE) has carried out its first Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR). The Review sought to define a simple framework for understanding and discussing the challenges the energy system presents; establish a shared sense of priorities among activities in the Department’s energy-technology programs; and explain to the Department and its stakeholders the roles that DOE, the broader government, the private sector, the national laboratories, academia, and innovation itself play in energy transformation. This is a report on that Review.
About the US Department of Energy
“The mission of the Energy Department is to ensure America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions.”