TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD-NCHRP
CHAPTER 1—INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY
This research was undertaken to identify how states and local governments can best promote partnerships with taxicab companies for provision of public transportation. A “partnership” typically involves some form of contract for service, but also includes less formal arrangements as well as regulatory involvement intended to expand or create service for the public. An expansive understanding of “public transportation” has been applied including not just service provided by public transit agencies but service for all types of public agencies, including state and local governments, human service agencies, and school districts.
At the outset of the research, a list of known partnership types was created on the basis of a literature review, along with a list of factors that may hinder or help establish partnerships. A survey of state departments of transportation (DOTs) and taxicab regulators was then used to learn more about the prevalence of partnership types and factors that promote or hinder partnerships. Using the survey results, telephone follow-up, and further literature review, a series of case studies was selected to explore how partnerships work in practice, what barriers have had to be overcome, and steps taken to overcome these barriers.
Following this introduction and summary of lessons from the case studies, the balance of this digest consists of a presentation of the survey results, 23 case studies, and previous research.
TRB: National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
“The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) conducts research in problem areas that affect highway planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance nationwide. Information about NCHRP and other TRB activities is available in the TRB E-Newsletter. The NCHRP is managed by the Cooperative Research Programs of the Transportation Research Board.”