NEW YORK BUILDING CONGRESS
New York State Transportation Agency Capital Programs at Risk
The key federal funding source for highways, bridges and mass transit capital funding expires at the end of the month with no likelihood of a long-term reauthorization. At this point, it seems most likely that Congress will extend existing legislation for one to two years, with funding formulas holding at 2005 levels.
As a result, New York State transportation agencies that planned on increased funding in the coming years with a new transportation bill, now face even deeper capital budget deficits, which will further jeopardize critical improvement and expansion projects.
Passed in 2005, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) provides roughly $1.75 billion of the State’s highway and bridge funding annually and approximately $1 billion per year for Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) capital programs. As Lieutenant Governor Ravitch noted in a new report on the State’s transportation infrastructure, “the largest source of funds for both the MTA and State DOT capital plans is the federal government,” primarily through SAFETEA-LU.
Key Funding Issues Unresolved
In preparing five year capital plans, both the New York State Department of Transportation (State DOT) and the MTA budgeted large portions of their programs into the years 2012-14, partly in expectation that the federal government would have fully reauthorized surface transportation legislation and increased federal formulas to catch up to growing project costs and increased need.
For example, the MTA assumed an increase in federal aid of more than $750 million in the final three years of its capital plan. The MTA will now need to find this money from other sources or begin reducing the scale of its plan.
The consequences of a failure to reauthorize surface transportation are vividly reflected at State DOT, which originally assumed nearly $1 billion in new federal aid in the final three years of its five year capital plan. Due to the absence of progress on this legislation and the State’s own financial woes, State DOT simply canceled its five-year plan and approved a two-year plan that, by its own estimates, does not maintain even the existing state of good repair.
Perhaps even more challenging, the absence of a predictable, five- to six-year funding horizon prevents long-term planning on critical projects, further delaying their implementation and increasing the ultimate cost of improvements. As Acting State DOT Commissioner Stanley Gee said in a recent letter to New York’s Congressional delegation, “Without a stable and predictable source of revenue, it becomes difficult to advance multi-year projects in an efficient and cost effective manner.”
Outlook on Reauthorization Cloudy
It is not likely that the new Congress and the President will come together on long-term reauthorization surface transportation legislation once it reconvenes in the new year. This means that extensions will likely continue to hew to 2005 funding levels until at least 2013, after the next Presidential election cycle.
It is worth noting a number of initiatives contained in the current House bill that would enhance infrastructure investment, including:
- National Infrastructure Bank. As envisioned in the House bill, a national infrastructure bank would be used to leverage other capital sources – including private sector money – through loans, guarantees and other mechanisms. The bank would be tasked with determining projects of national significance and encouraging their implementation.
- Increased funding for infrastructure. Overall, the proposed House bill recommended an increase in funding from $286 billion included in SAFETEA-LU to $450 billion. No sources for these additional funds were identified in the bill.
- More money for mass transit. In addition to restructuring initiatives to increase use of mass transit options, the House bill increased funding for capital investment in this area to $100 billion, a 90% increase over current levels.
About the New York Building Congress
“The New York Building Congress, a broad based membership association celebrating its 89th year, is committed to promoting the growth and success of the construction industry in New York City and its environs.”