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Archive for the ‘Global’ Category

Strategic Top 100: North American Infrastructure 2014 Report

Wednesday, August 13th, 2014
Spotlight on Infrastructure: Los Angeles

CG/LA INFRASTRUCTURE
North America is currently experiencing the highest rate of urbanization in history. The way that infrastructure is developed in cities in the coming years is critical. The 2014 Strategic Top 100 highlights cities that are getting it right by making long-term investments into the right projects. These cities are shifting resources towards Transport- Oriented Development (TOD) and sustainable practices; exploring innovative methods of financing and value capture; while applying a keen understanding of public life and its importance to planning and design. Public sector leaders in the cities highlighted below are creating a sustainable vision for transportation that will benefit not only the local population, but also increased economic competitiveness in the region.

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How the Private Sector Can Improve Public Transportation Infrastructure

Monday, August 4th, 2014

RESERVE BANK OF AUSTRALIA
Transportation infrastructure significantly contributes to a nation’s prosperity by facilitating workers’ access to employers, consumers’ access to shopping and leisure activities, and firms’ access to capital, labour and potential customers. The public sector has generally provided the vast amount of a nation’s infrastructure – roadways, waterways, railways and airways – and expanded it to satisfy users’ growing demand for transportation. But as demand has increased and ageing infrastructure facilities have required ever-greater funds for maintenance and new construction, capacity has become increasingly strained and travellers and shippers have experienced more congestion and delays. Policymakers have tried to find new sources of money to finance projects to expand capacity; but congestion and delays have persisted.

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The 2014 International Energy Efficiency Scorecard

Friday, July 25th, 2014
2014 Energy-Efficiency Scorecard

AMERICAN COUNCIL FOR AN ENERGY-EFFICIENT ECONOMY (ACEEE)
In this second edition of the International Energy Efficiency Scorecard, we analyze the world’s 16 largest economies covering more than 81% of global gross domestic product and about 71% of global electricity consumption. We looked at 31 metrics divided roughly in half between policies and quantifiable performance to evaluate how efficiently these economies use energy. The policy metrics were scored based on the presence in a country or region of a best-practice policy…The United States has made some progress toward greater energy efficiency in recent years, particularly in areas such as building codes, appliance standards, voluntary partnerships between government and industry, and, recently, fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles and heavy-duty trucks. However, the overall story is disappointing.

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How We Move: Visualizing Data from the Human Activity Tracker App

Friday, July 25th, 2014
How We Move: Visualizing Data from the Human Activity Tracker App

Human helps people move almost twice as much in six weeks. Every day, people track millions of activities with our app. We visualized data in major cities all across the globe to get an insight into Human activity. Walking, running, cycling and motorized transportation data tell us different stories.

Visit cities.human.co for 30 cities worldwide.

-Human on Vimeo

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Modal Shift and High-Speed Rail: A Review of the Current Literature

Wednesday, July 9th, 2014

MINETA TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE
This report provides a review of scholarly literature with direct relevance to the topic of modal shift and high-speed rail (HSR). HSR systems are usually planned on the expectation that they will attract riders who would have chosen other modes (such as air, automobile, bus, etc.) had the HSR not been created. Identifying and measuring the actual ability of HSR to effect modal shift is therefore critical. To establish the most current systematic research on the topic, this report examines the evidence concerning HSR and modal shift in both secondary analyses of previous studies and in newer studies that use primarily original data. The studies that were reviewed comprise a large variety of HSR systems, time periods, data sources, and means of analysis.

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The BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) Standard

Friday, June 27th, 2014
EXAMPLE OF TWO-WAY MEDIAN-ALIGNED BUSWAY THAT IS IN THE CENTRAL VERGE OF A TWO-WAY ROAD 8 POINTS

INSTITUTE FOR TRANSPORTATION & DEVELOPMENT POLICY

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Infrastructure Spending in the US: Outlook to 2025

Thursday, June 26th, 2014
Figure 1: Infrastructure spending in a national context, Figure 2: Infrastructure spending by broad sector, Figure 3 and Figure 4

PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC)
By 2025, annual investment in infrastructure across our sectors in the US should top $1trn, having grown by an average of just over 3.5% a year. But the US will likely have been long since left behind by China, where we expect annual spending will reach over three times this level. We estimate that the US’s share of global spending will likely decline gradually over the coming decade to just over a tenth of total global spending by 2025.

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Global Infrastructure Spending: Outlook to 2025

Thursday, June 26th, 2014
Figure 1: Five key infrastructure sectors

PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC)
Infrastructure spending has begun to rebound from the global financial crisis and is expected to grow significantly over the coming decade. That is the main finding of Capital project and infrastructure spending: Outlook to 2025, our in-depth analysis of 49 countries that account for 90% of global economic output. Worldwide, infrastructure spending will grow from $4 trillion per year in 2012 to more than $9 trillion per year by 2025. Overall, close to $78 trillion is expected to be spent globally between 2014 and 2025. But the recovery will be uneven, with infrastructure spending in Western Europe not reaching pre-crisis levels until at least 2018. Meanwhile, emerging markets, unburdened by austerity or ailing banks, will see accelerated growth in infrastructure spending, especially China and other countries in Asia.

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Reduce Speculation and Limit Gentrification: Penalize Absentee/Pied-à-Terre Owners

Friday, June 20th, 2014

While cities like Chicago, Austin, and Seattle can typically stave off drastic price increases by just building enough housing to meet demand, that’s not always possible for world cities because demand isn’t just local, or even national — it’s global, and in an era of growing inequality the demand for luxury investment properties and pieds-à-terre is vast. That demand is an obstacle to providing an adequate supply of affordable, middle-class housing, but it needn’t be. If harnessed appropriately, it could even be a strength.

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Air Pollution Takes a Heavy Toll Around the World

Monday, May 26th, 2014
Air Pollution Takes a Heavy Toll Around the World

Outdoor air pollution, much of it from road transport, is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in terms of the value of lost lives and ill health, according to new OECD research. Without government action to limit vehicle emissions, the costs will rise in the years ahead.

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